ANCIENT GREEK PHILOSOPHY

From the Presocratics to the Hellenistic Philosophers

INTRODUCTION

PHI 328: History of Ancient Philosophy

Thomas A. Blackson
Philosophy Faculty
School of Historical, Philosophical, and Religious Studies
Arizona State University
blackson@asu.edu
tomblackson.com, www.public.asu/~blackson

Greek coin
Athens, 5th century BCE. Silver tetradrachm.
Athena on the obverse. On the reverse, her sacred owl, an olive sprig, and ΑΘΕ for Athens.


Στρεψιάδης
τί δῆθ᾽ ὁ πρωκτὸς ἐς τὸν οὐρανὸν βλέπει;
Μαθητής
αὐτὸς καθ᾽ αὑτὸν ἀστρονομεῖν διδάσκεται.
(Aristophanes, Clouds 193-194)

"ὁ δὲ ἀνεξέταστος βίος οὐ βιωτὸς ἀνθρώπῳ"
(Plato, Apology 38a)


SOME ONLINE RESOURCES
Schedule
Period and Method of Study

PRESOCRATICS

Introduction

Chapter 1: THE MILESIAN REVOLUTION
The Milesians Turn to Nature
Reason and Experience
A Defense of the Inquiry into Nature

SOCRATES

Texts

Chapter 2: THE GOOD LIFE
The Search for Definitions
Wisdom is a State of the Soul
Socratic Intellectualism

Chapter 3: AGAINST THE SOPHISTS
The Sophistical Movement
The Sophist sells Teachings for the Soul
The Power of Rhetoric

PLATO

Texts

Chapter 4: THREE PLATONIC THEORIES
The Theory of Recollection
The Theory of Forms
The Tripartite Theory of the Soul

Chapter 5: JUSTICE AND ITS REWARD
The Opening Conversation
Justice in the City and in the Individual Human Being
The Just Life is Better than the Unjust Life

ARISTOTLE

Texts

Chapter 6: SECOND PHILOSOPHY
The Existence of Natural Bodies
Natures are Forms in Matter
Teleology in Nature

Chapter 7: PSYCHOLOGY
The Soul is the Form of the Body
Induction, Experience, and Reason
Becoming like The Unmovable First Mover

Chapter 8: FIRST PHILOSOPHY
The Science of Being
Forms in Matter are Substances
No Universal is a Substance

Chapter 9: ETHICS
The Good Life for a Human Being
Happiness is Contemplation
The Life of Practical Wisdom

HELLENISTIC PHILOSOPHERS

Texts

Chapter 10: REACTION TO THE CLASSICAL TRADITION
Epicureanism
Stoicism
Skepticism




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