ANCIENT GREEK PHILOSOPHY

From the Presocratics to the Hellenistic Philosophers

INTRODUCTION

PHI 328: History of Ancient Philosophy

Thomas A. Blackson
Philosophy Faculty
School of Historical, Philosophical, and Religious Studies
Arizona State University
blackson@asu.edu
tomblackson.com, www.public.asu/~blackson

Greek coin
Athens, 5th century BCE. Silver tetradrachm.
Athena on the obverse. On the reverse, her sacred owl, an olive sprig, and ΑΘΕ for Athens.


Στρεψιάδης
τί δῆθ᾽ ὁ πρωκτὸς ἐς τὸν οὐρανὸν βλέπει;
Μαθητής
αὐτὸς καθ᾽ αὑτὸν ἀστρονομεῖν διδάσκεται.
(Aristophanes, Clouds 193-194)

"ὁ δὲ ἀνεξέταστος βίος οὐ βιωτὸς ἀνθρώπῳ"
(Plato, Apology 38a)


Some Online Resources:

Essays in Ancient Philosophy, Michael Frede

video, Miles Burnyeat. Plato: section 1
video, Miles Burnyeat. Plato: section 2
video, Miles Burnyeat. Plato: section 3
video, Miles Burnyeat. Plato: section 4
video, Miles Burnyeat. Plato: section 5

History of Philosophy without any gaps
Podcast 64 - David Sedley on Stoicism
Podcast 74 - Tony Long on the Self in Hellenistic Philosophy

Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
SEP. "Presocratic Philosophy," Patricia Curd
SEP. "Ancient Theories of Soul," Hendrik Lorenz

CLCV 205: Introduction to Ancient Greek History.
Donald Kagan. Open Yale Courses.


Thesaurus Linguae Graecae

Perseus Digital Library
Perseus under PhiloLogic
Liddell and Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon
Lewis and Short, A Latin Dictionary
A Lexicon of the Homeric Dialect

Dictionary of Greek and Roman biography and mythology

ΛΟΓΕΙΟΝ
Greek Word Study Tool
Latin Word Study Tool
Textkit. Greek and Latin Learning Tools
Ancient Greek Verb Conjugator
Ancient Greek Keyboard

Suda On Line: Byzantine Lexicography Commentary on Aristotle's Physics, Thomas Aquinas

Loeb Classical Library
MIT Classics Library
Internet Sacred Text Archive
Classical Literature
Library of Ancient Texts Online
Ancient Greek Texts in Translation

Athenian Agora Excavations

Parisinus gr. 1807 (A)
MS. E.D. Clarke 39 (B)
Stephanus' Plato edition from 1578, volume 1
Stephanus' Plato edition from 1578, volume 2
Stephanus' Plato edition from 1578, volume 3
Platonis Opera, volume 1. John Burnet. OCT
Platonis Opera, volume 2. John Burnet. OCT
Platonis Opera, volume 3. John Burnet. OCT
Platonis Opera, volume 4. John Burnet. OCT
Aristotelis Opera, Immanuelis Bekkeri

S. Marc Cohen's Philosophy 320

Ancient Philosophy Society
Society for Ancient Greek Philosophy
International Plato Society

Party advice from the ancient world


Schedule
Period and Method of Study

PRESOCRATICS

Introduction

Chapter 1: THE MILESIAN REVOLUTION
The Milesians Turn to Nature
Reason and Experience
A Defense of the Inquiry into Nature

SOCRATES

Texts

Chapter 2: THE GOOD LIFE
The Search for Definitions
Wisdom is a State of the Soul
Socratic Intellectualism

Chapter 3: AGAINST THE SOPHISTS
The Sophistical Movement
The Sophist sells Teachings for the Soul
The Power of Rhetoric

PLATO

Texts

Chapter 4: THREE PLATONIC THEORIES
The Theory of Recollection
The Theory of Forms
The Tripartite Theory of the Soul

Chapter 5: JUSTICE AND ITS REWARD
The Opening Conversation
Justice in the City and in the Individual
The Just Life is Better

ARISTOTLE

Texts

Chapter 6: SECOND PHILOSOPHY
The Existence of Natural Bodies
Natures are Forms in Matter
Teleology in Nature

Chapter 7: PSYCHOLOGY
The Soul is the Form of the Body
Induction, Experience, and Reason
Becoming like The Unmovable First Mover

Chapter 8: FIRST PHILOSOPHY
The Science of Being
Forms in Matter are Substances
No Universal is a Substance

Chapter 9: ETHICS
The Good Life for a Human Being
The Life of Contemplation
The Life of Practical Wisdom

HELLENISTIC PHILOSOPHERS

Texts

Chapter 10: REACTION TO THE CLASSICAL TRADITION
Epicureanism
Stoicism
Skepticism







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